First FRC Team 3042 Glossary


Alliance – Formed with another team during a competition.

AndyMark– A big supplier of equipment used on FIRST robots .

Autonomous Mode – First 15 seconds when the robot controls itself.

AWG – American Wire Gauge. The high the number, the thinner the wire.




C-Channel – Aluminum structural component used on most robots.

CAD – Computer Aided Design.  Examples are PTC Creo and Auto




Chassis (Chassi) – Frame of the robot (standard kit-bot chassis).

CIM Motor (CIMs) – Motor used on the robot for multiple purposed including the drive train.

cRIO – Compact Reprogrammable Input/Output, heart of the robot. Controls all of the robot.

Coopertition – Co-operative competition.  Part of the ethos of FIRST. It's a way of doing things that encourages high-quality work, emphasizes the value of others, and respects individuals and the community.


D-Link – Name Brand WiFi router used for wireless control of the robot (Linksys, Cisco, etc...).

Drive Train – The part of the robot that allows it to move. Includes the wheels, motors and belts that are used to propel the robot.

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Driver Station

Driver Station – Station where the robot is driven from.  Typically contains Joystick controllers and computer.


FIRST – For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology. Organization that runs FRC, FTC and FLL .

FLL – FIRST Lego League. (Grades 4 – 8)

FTC – FIRST Tech Challenge (Grades 7 – 12)

FRC – FIRST Robotics Competition (Grades 9 – 12)


Gearboxes – CIMple Box, Single Speed, Multi Speed.

Gracious Professionalism - Part of the ethos of FIRST. It's a way of doing things that encourages high-quality work, emphasizes the value of others, and respects individuals and the community.


Kit of Parts – The box of standard robot parts that all FRC teams receive at Kickoff.

Kickoff – The first Saturday of January on which teams receive the challenge and their kit of parts.


Jaguar(Jag) – Speed Controller. Takes instructions from the digital sidecar and regulates the output power that is sent to the motor.

Java – Programming language used to program the robot.


Limit Switch – opens or closes a connection when a movement of a mechanical apparatus pushes on it.


McMaster-Carr – Hardware parts


Plexiglass – Also known as PMMA. Lightweight alternative to glass.


Safety Light – Mechanical or Electronic switch.


Scouting – Yellow light mounted in a clearly visible location on each robot.

Servos – Analysis of other teams robot and game playing techniques.

Relay – A servomotor is a rotary actuator that allows for precise control of position.

Sidecar – The Digital Sidecar provides a connection from the cRIO controller to various I/O devices, Jaguar, etc...

Speed Control – Component that regulates motor output (see Jaguar).

Spikes – Electronic Relay – used to turn things on and off.


Tele-op Mode – When the Drives control the robot.

Threaded Rod – Used to move heavy loads smoothly along with a motor. Also known as a Linear Actuator.


Window Motor – Multi-directional motor that us used in automobiles to lower & raise passenger door window.

Wheels – Design includes choosing the best wheel. Each wheel has its Pros and Cons.

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